Terms of Reference (ToR)
Improved Cookstove (ICS) nexus Un/Under Used Biomass & Faecal Sludge mixed Briquette (FSmB) Market Study in Khulna, Jhenaidah, Satkhira, Rangpur and Faridpur Districts in Bangladesh


Practical Action Bangladesh country office with support from EnDev conducted an action research from August to December 2018 to explore small-scale mechanical briquetting technology for conversion of under-utilized dried faecal sludge, resulting from the emptying and containment of such sludge at faecal sludge treatment plants, and other agriculture biomass to briquette and promote the market as clean cooking fuel. Practical Action worked with four small-scale entrepreneurs in Satkhira and Rangpur and helped them to set up briquette production system to serve people in low income communities, slum dwellers and street and other informal food vendors in urban and peri urban areas who cannot afford LPG and other clean cooking fuels. Surveys show that a four members family on average spends around Taka 1200/month for LPG whereas it can be Taka 800 (33% reduction) if they use briquettes (subject to seasonal variations). Displacing LPG with renewable biomass (briquettes) will reduce carbon emissions, which will contribute to mitigating climate change.

SNV Netherlands in Bangladesh is currently implementing urban sanitation projects in Khulna city corporation and Jhenaidah municipality and have assisted those cities to set up Faecal Sludge Treatment Plants – FSTPs. Dried sludge are coming out at the end of the treatment. They have done extensive action research for exploring opportunity to promote the market for dried f sludge as compost for agricultural uses but still yet to influence certification system for commercial marketing.

Practical Action and SNV has decided for mutual collaboration and initiated a project supported by EnDev for the demonstration of the nexus of sanitation and energy to increase the access for clean cooking solutions (fuel and improved cook stoves) by rural and urban poor people.
The overall objective of the project is to develop and strengthen local market system of briquettes (from dried sludge and un/under used  agriculture biomass) and linking with improved stoves programmes of different national ICS stakeholders for increasing access to clean cooking solutions (fuel and stoves) by 1800 low income rural and urban households and 200 commercial customers. The specific objectives are:

  • Strengthen capacity of 7 small and medium entrepreneurs for production and quality control of Briquette (from un/under used biomass i.e. dried faecal sludge, broken green jute sticks, poultry litter, and leaves, etc.) to achieve the target (500 kg/day/entrepreneurs).
  • Strengthen the business capacity of 20 ICS manufacturers to promote the market of 2000 improved cook stoves (tier 2 and above) including 1800 households and 200 commercial stoves.  

SNV and Practical Action are attempting to address the market development for Faecal Sludge and un/under used biomass mixed Briquettes (FSmB) with a long-term vision and with a wide and varying range of building blocks that can be adapted to popularise the technology at the local level. The proposed study to assess the market of FSmB in the five districts of Khulna, Jhenaidah, Satkhira, Rangpur and Faridpur is an initial step to this direction.


Interested organisations or consulting firms or individual consultants are requested to submit their technical and financial proposals separately with the details organisational profiles/individual relevant experience, methodology (mentioned in ToR, might be revise based on both party consent) including activities and milestones, budget details, time frame and CVs of experts.

Electronic copy of the proposal duly signed should be submitted to bangladesh@snv.org  with the subject line: Improved Cookstove (ICS) nexus Un/Under Used Biomass & Faecal Sludge mixed Briquette (FSmB) Market Study in Khulna, Jhenaidah, Satkhira, Rangpur and Faridpur Districts in Bangladesh latest by 08 March 2020.

For further information if require, please send your query to Md. Arifur Rahman Talukder through email to atalukder@snv.org

Click Here for detaild ToR