Terms of Reference

Updating and validation of GIS data for developing Ward Sanitation Action Plan in one ward of Jashore Paurashava


SNV Netherlands Development Organisation is a not-for-profit development organisation working in the sectors of WASH, Agriculture and Energy through providing advisory services, facilitating knowledge development, networking, strengthening local capacity builders, and carrying out advocacy at national and international levels. Founded in 1965, SNV has built a long term local presence in countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. For more information, please refer to our website: www.snv.org.

The WASH SDG programme, funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, is being implemented by SNV in partnership with the WASH Alliance International and Plan Nederland. This Programme is implemented in seven countries: Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Nepal, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. These countries all have significant numbers of people with poor access to and use of WASH services, either in rural areas or in densely populated areas with uncontrolled urbanisation and deteriorating water security. The WASH SDG programme aims to sustainably improve access to, and use of, safe drinking water for at least 450,000 people, sanitation for at least 2 million people and improve the hygiene behaviours of 1.6 million people before the end of 2022. In Bangladesh SNV is implementing Urban Sanitation Programme in three cities: Jashore, Benapole and Gazipur.

Jashore is one of the oldest Municipality in the then Bengal Province which was established in 1864. Jashore Paurashava is responsible for the development of the city and ensuring better municipal services and living standards for city dwellers. It covers an area of 14.71 square kilometers. The total population according to the population census 2011 is 201,796 of which 104,753 are males and 97,043 are females. Jashore municipality consists of 9 Wards and 73 mahallas (BBS, 2015).

The Local Government (Paurashava) Act 2019 gives Paurashavas the responsibility of urban sanitation and Faecal Sludge Management (FSM). It assigns responsibility to households for construction and maintenance of latrines and garbage disposal (including faecal sludge)1. Improper disposal of faecal sludge is treated as an offence under the Act. In Paurashavas, septic tank system and different form of pit latrines are predominant sanitation systems. However, in the absence of effective Sanitation/ FSM services and lack of monitoring, direct discharge of toilet wastewater into storms drains/ sewers/ open areas is common in most Paurashavas.

As per the baseline survey of WASH-SDG project (2018), around 30% of the households have environmentally safe sanitation facilities in Jashore Paurashava. More than one quarter of the HHs from poorest wealth either use unimproved toilet or share toilets with neighbours. Wealthier groups enjoy more improved toilet facilities than the poor. Around 88% has functional toilets without any blockages in the water seal but there is no water available within the toilet cubicles. Around 77% of the households have containment but these are not emptied routinely.

The Atlas of Poor Settlement in Jashore Paurashava 2011, identified 28,232 households as poor in 908 poor settlements. Ward wise distribution of poor settlements varies between 6.6% in ward 6 and 15.31% in ward 4. In some wards like 1, 5, 8 and 9 concentration of extremely poor settlements are quite high. Most of the poor settlements are old, although the average age is about 41 years. Density of settlements is not so high in Jessore. About half of the settlements as well as households were found in vulnerable situation both environmentally as well as economically. The poor settlements are scattered all over the city with more concentration in central part; settlements are by and large smaller in size and the larger ones are worst off; and most of the poor settlements in Jessore are comparatively new. Poor settlements are growing at an accelerated rate in Jessore.

Several projects and organisations are supporting Jashore Paurashava to improve the sanitation conditions in the city, but the main challenge is how to adequately address and ensure access and safely managed sanitation for Low Income Communities (LIC) and slums. City Region Development Project (CRDP) of Local Government Engineering Department has been supporting Jashore Paurashava in infrastructure development that includes construction of an Integrated Waste Management Plant. This plant includes provisions for treatment of both Municipal Waste and Faecal Sludge. Urban Governance Infrastructure Improvement Project (UGIIP-III) is support the Paurashava for sustainable human development, economic growth and poverty reduction by enhancing municipal management and strengthening capacity to deliver municipal services and improve physical infrastructure and urban services including sanitation services.

In order to achieve SDG 6.2, the WASH-SDG project developed a strategy to prepare Ward Sanitation Plans with different settings of a Ward. Initially the strategy will be piloted in one ward of Jashore Paurashava for demonstration of coordination of the interventions under different initiatives. After having consensus by all stakeholders this strategy will be replicated in the entire city by Paurashava with support from local and central government agencies, donors and private sector.

GIS-based Sanitation Mapping will be used as a tool to support the planning process by the stakeholders and for establishing effective FSM services in the selected ward.


Interested organisations or consulting firms or individuals are requested to submit their technical and financial proposals with the details on organisational overall and similar experience, methodology including activities and milestones, budget details, time frame and CVs of expert(s).

Electronic copy of the proposal duly signed should be submitted to bangladesh@snv.org with the subject line: Updating, Validation and Finalisation of GIS Data for Establishing Ward Sanitation Map in ward 5 of Jashore Paurashava latest by 10:00am of 17 September 2019.

For any query related to the ToR, please contact Shahidul Islam, Governance Advisor, SNV. Email: shahidulislam@snv.org

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