Terms of Reference

Updating and validation of GIS data for developing Ward Sanitation Action Plans in three wards in Khulna City


SNV Netherlands Development Organisation is a not-for-profit development organisation working in the sectors of WASH, Agriculture and Energy through providing advisory services, facilitating knowledge development, networking, strengthening local capacity builders, and carrying out advocacy at national and international levels. Founded in 1965, SNV has built a long term local presence in countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. For more information, please refer to our website: www.snv.org.

SNV is implementing a program City Wide Inclusive Sanitation Engagement (CWISE) in different cities mainly located in the Southern part of Bangladesh under the leadership of City Corporations and Municipalities. CWISE promotes a state of urban sanitation, where all members of the city have access to adequate and affordable sanitation services through appropriate centralized and decentralized systems, without any contamination to the environment along the sanitation value chain. Over the past 5 years, the program has successfully developed a multi stakeholder coordination mechanism at the local level under the leadership of Local Government Institutions, bringing together local authorities, utility, national agencies, universities, private sector and civil society around urban sanitation.

Khulna City Corporation (KCC) has achieved important improvements in terms of sanitation needs in the city by introducing CWISE including Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) services with support from various organisations. The introduction of mechanised emptying service providers and the construction of a large Faecal Sludge Treatment Plant (FSTP) established the basis to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) by 2030, in particular 6.2 goal on sanitation. However, this challenging target requires to ensure safely managed sanitation for all, taking into account all market segments and especially the most vulnerable groups.

According to the Urban Poor Settlement Mapping 2017, by Livelihoods Improvement of Urban Poor Communities Project (LIUPCP), there are 1,910 poor settlements in the city within the 31 wards, with a total estimated population of 897,226 living in Low Income Communities (LIC). This comprises more than half of the population of KCC, which is around 1.5 million. In addition, 278 Community Development Committees (CDC) are organised in the different poor areas, 80% formed by women, which forms a CDC federation. As per Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) data from slum census in 2014, there are about 300 slums recognized as vulnerable settlements, where the minimum number of households are 20 and maximum number of household are 2,200. About 4% of the population is living in vulnerable areas in Khulna according to the slum census 2014.

The access to adequate sanitation facilities in LIC is still a big challenge in Khulna, with more than 42% of households with unimproved or no toilet (Poorest and Poor), and none of the households with completely environmentally safe toilet.

Khulna Water Supply and Sewerage Authority (KWASA) was established in 2008 to provide water and sanitation facilities within the city. Currently, only a water network is in place covering a total of 25,000 households, and there is no sewerage system in place. On 2016, a Waste Water Management Master Plan was developed, which will be implemented by KWASA.

Several projects and organisations are supporting KCC and KWASA to improve the sanitation conditions in the city, but the main challenge is how to adequately address and ensure access and safely managed sanitation for LIC and slums. For this reason, the CWISE project developed a strategy to prepare Ward Sanitation Plans in three selected wards with different settings for demonstration of coordination of the interventions under different initiatives. The model to be replicated in the entire city by KCC and KWASA.

GIS-based Sanitation Mapping will be used as a tool to support the planning process by the stakeholders and for establishing effective FSM services in the selected wards.


Interested organisations or consulting firms or individuals are requested to submit their technical and financial proposals with the details on organisational overall and similar experience, methodology including activities and milestones, budget details, time frame and CVs of experts.

Electronic copy of the proposal duly signed should be submitted to bangladesh@snv.org  with the subject line: Updating, Validation and Finalisation of GIS Data for Establishing Ward Sanitation Map in three wards of KCC latest by 24 August 2019

For any query related to the ToR, please contact Shahidul Islam, Governance Advisor, SNV. Email: shahidulislam@snv.org

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