Consultant for Urban Households Economic Analysis (HEA) for Bangladesh

1. Basic Information:

Title of the Work:

Urban Households Economic Analysis (HEA) for Bangladesh


August 01 to October 31, 2019


The Start Fund Bangladesh (2017-2020) is a £10 million rapid emergency response fund set up by the Start Network with support from UK aid and hosted by ACF Bangladesh. Modelled on the successful Start Fund that activates funding within 72 hours of a crisis alert, the fund has been setup to be accessible to both national and international member NGOs operating in Bangladesh to respond early and fast to under the radar emergencies in Bangladesh. These decisions are made by humanitarian actors within member agencies with all projects selected within the country or region of the crisis, while projects start within 7 days and finish within 45 days. As such, the expected impact and outcome of Start Fund Bangladesh is that “Loss of lives, livelihoods and dignity are minimised”, given that the “Humanitarian responses are rapid, informed and adapted to the need of the affected communities” respectively. As a mean to achieve these, Start Fund Bangladesh envisages to complement existing humanitarian preparedness and response through greater collaboration.
Urban areas are currently projected to host more than half of the total population of Bangladesh. However, given the rapid and unplanned urbanisation in the last few decades, the potential vulnerability to hazards like fire, infrastructure collapse, waterlogging, disease outbreak, earthquake etc. has risen exponentially due to lack of necessary critical infrastructures, high population density, rising poverty and poor living conditions (e.g. WaSH facilities) in urban areas. In addition, due to their recent exposure, unique context and often man-made nature, urban crises remained beyond the realms of convention emergency response and recovery operations.
During the last two years of its operation, Start Fund Bangladesh, due to its mandate to work in under the radar, small to medium scale disasters, responded to urban disasters i.e. fire incidents in urban slums. Our experiences indicate that there are challenges in terms of rapid assessments and designing appropriate/quality interventions within the scope of 45-day rapid response project. In this regard, the Start Fund is already collaborating with the Needs Assessment Working Group in the development of an urban JNA tool. SFB member agencies also feel the need for a separate urban multipurpose1 standard cash package2 to enhance the efficiency, effectiveness and impact of Start funded responses.

Objective of the work:

  • To speed up the assistance and improve effectiveness of urban responses by the development of a  standard cash package (or a Multi-Purpose Cash Grant – MPCG) to support the people affected by sudden-onset disasters to meet immediate basic needs covering the different areas like food, shelter repairing, hygiene items, health, education, livelihood inputs, transports and other non-food items
  • To prevent affected people from using negative coping mechanism practices among severely vulnerable people and uphold their dignity.
  • To complement the Government efforts during any humanitarian crisis and maximize the impacts for emergency response.

Key Accountabilities:

  • Review of Secondary Documents: MoDMR Cash Assistance Packages, Cash Working Group (CWG), Cluster standards and guidelines, macro-economic indicators (e.g. inflation rates), urban market assessments, minimum expenditure basket/ household income & expenditures survey reports, post distribution monitoring findings3, work done under Urban Crises Learning Partnership in Bangladesh as well as other countries if available4
  • Review of Start Fund documents: Peer review reports, learning exchange notes, crisis response summaries, case studies, PDM reports etc.
  • Onsite Appraisal: Household Economy Analysis (HEA) of the affected households at vulnerable locations from Dhaka (Ilias Mollah and Bhashantek Slum) and other areas5, consultation with project staffs etc.
  • Validation of findings, lessons and recommendation: by the Start Fund Bangladesh members, Cash Working Group members, HCTT, MoDMR and UN-OCHA regional office, UNRCO, Clusters, BDRCS/IFRC and other donor representatives


  • A brief inception report on the background, scope, objective and methodology to carry out the analysis, sources of information, data collection tools (i.e. questionnaire, checklists, interview guides etc.), limitations, timeline
  • A brief yet easily understandable, evidence based report suggesting
  • Multipurpose cash grant amount for urban responses based on household expenditure and economy analysis.
  • Technical guidance on delivery mechanism, standardized tools, targeting criteria, , PDM template to assess expenditure and satisfaction of the beneficiaries to review the MPCG amount when/if required, information/knowledge dissemination and advocacy.
  • Presentation of findings and lessons for validation by relevant stakeholders
  • Finalization and formalization of a nationally agreed MPCG package relevant for urban communities affected by sudden onset disasters

Expected Outputs of the Consultancy:

  • Complement sectoral assistance for a certain period of time to be decided by the HCTT;
  • Provide a portion and /or full of the Minimum Expenditures Basket (MEB) in the aftermath of sudden disasters complementing the government and other assistance, local capacities and, beneficiaries’ own coping strategies6

 Work Location:

Dhaka and outside Dhaka (if required)

Responsible organization and Contact Information:

ACF Bangladesh, Orin Tower, House 23, Road 113A, Gulshan 2, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh

2. Estimation of days:

90 days (August 01 to October 31, 2019). A tentative timeline is given below

  • Document desk review, background work, context analysis and methodology/ tool/ sampling finalization in consultation with the SFB team and relevant stakeholders: by mid-August 2019
  • Primary data collection (e.g. household data collection, consultation with key stakeholders): By mid-September 2019
  • Data analysis and draft report development: By end of -September 2019
  • Validation workshop: by mid-October, 2019
  • Final report submission: by end of October, 2019

3. Validation of the Proposal:

All cost should be quoted in Bangladesh Taka (BDT) and will remain valid up to ninety (90) days from the date of proposal submission.

4. Outline of the Financial Proposal:

The financial proposal should include VAT and TAX (all-inclusive and will be deducted at source during settlement of invoice as per government rule). Please note that, the amount mentioned in the financial proposal will be assessed in line with the quality of the technical proposal.

5. General condition of consultancy:

  • The consultant/s need to work with Start Fund Bangladesh team at the SFB Secretariat (i.e. hosted by ACF Dhaka office) 2-5 days/ as required at the initial stage to collect relevant documents and during methodology development period.
  • The payment will be made in three trenches. First trench of 40% upon the submission of the inception report (see deliverable A), second trench of 40% after the submission of draft report and presentation (see deliverable B and C), and the remaining 20% upon the validated final submitted report.
  • The consultant will conduct the work using own computer equipment.
  • The consultant will have to bear the transport and accommodation costs for the assignment.

6. Criteria for Selection:

We will therefore be selecting the consultant following a two-staged evaluation. For the first stage the following criteria will be used for shortlisting.


Total Points

Knowledge, skill and professional experience:

  • Experience in conducting household minimum expenditure or economy analysis, market assessments, impact assessments, vulnerability assessments, monitoring etc.
  • Experience of humanitarian work7 and in depth understanding of humanitarian standards, principles and commitments, humanitarian standards, emergency response and recovery programs, cash transfer programs especially in Bangladesh


Technical approach:

  • Overall understanding of the ToR, proposed methodology including approach, design, scheduling, tools, sampling, data management, analysis etc.
  • Team composition and roles, management, coordination with relevant stakeholders (e.g. NAWG, clusters, HCTT) etc.


Overall Technical Evaluation Points


Financial Evaluation




The shortlisted consultant (or agency/firm) will be then called for an interview and the final contract will be offered upon satisfactory performance.

7. Competencies Required:

The consultant (or consulting firm) we are looking for preferably meets the following competencies -

  • Proven experience of facilitating conducting household minimum expenditure or economy analysis, market assessments, impact assessments, vulnerability assessments, monitoring etc. that involves diverse stakeholders with strong focus on quantitative methods
  • Understanding of the humanitarian system and architectures especially in Bangladesh, response and recovery (e.g. cash based programming)
  • Have strong communication and networking with relevant stakeholders (e.g. I/N/LNGOs, clusters, working groups, HCTT)
  • Excellent analytical, report writing and presentation skills.
  • Willingness and capacity to be flexible and accommodating when faced with difficult and frustrating working conditions
  • Fluency in written and spoken English, while fluency Bengali communication skills will be an added advantage

8. Supervision:

The consultant will design and conduct the assignment in consultation and coordination with the Start Fund Bangladesh team especially the MEAL Coordinator.

9. Confidentiality:

All the outputs will be treated as Start Fund Bangladesh’s property and the outputs or any part of it cannot be sold, used or reproduced in any manner without prior permission from the Start Fund Bangladesh.

10. Submission of Expression of Interest (EOI):

The consultant will confirm her/ his expression of interest and submit a proposal (2 copies of both technical and financial in printed copies including understanding of the assignment, methodology, work plan, team roles, CVs, and past track records of max 10 pages) according to the Terms of Reference (TOR) in a closed envelope clearly marked as EOI - Urban Household Economic Analysis (HEA)  on or before 18 July 2019 at ACF Bangladesh, Orin Tower, House 23, Road 113/A, Gulshan 2, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh.

In case of any query please contact Imtiaz Ahmad (email:; mobile: +8801882086245)

1 i.e. unconditional or multi-sectoral

2 given the uninterrupted urban market functionality and no/low inflation during small/medium emergencies

3 e.g. from Start Fund Bangladesh responses to fire incident at Ilias Mollah Slum (2018) by Muslim Aid, Caritas, Christian Aid, DAM and Bhashantek Slum (2019) by Concern Worldwide, SEEP

4 as lessons and best practice guidelines i.e. Start Fund Alert 297 Zimbabwe (Food Insecurity) by GOAL and World Vison, other cases of cash based responses to natural disaster/ conflict/displacements in urban areas e.g. at Uganda, Egypt, Jordan, Nepal, Haiti, Philippines, Afghanistan, Kenya, Yemen, Pakistan, Palestine, Lebanon etc. as well as other secondary literature by ODI, IIED, Habitat for Humanity, UN Habitat, CaLP, ALNAP, British Red Cross, NRC, UNHCR, Oxfam, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, OECD, UCL etc.

5 if required from other urban areas outside Dhaka

6 representing 75% of the average Minimum Expenditures Basket (MEB) in the aftermath of any disaster, while the remaining 25% would be covered by peoples’ own coping mechanisms, local capacities and other assistance (in-kind or conditional cash assistance and cluster standards) including the relief distributed by the Government of Bangladesh. This should ideally focus households highly vulnerable to disasters, poor or no regular income, female/ child headed, having pregnant and lactating women, differently-abled, elderly, and chronically sick members

7 especially in cash transfer, WaSH, shelter/NFI, education, health, nutrition, protection