Terms of Reference (ToR) for

Assessment of Performance of FSM Services in Selected Paurashavas


Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) has been identified as a major second generation sanitation challenge in the country. Successful implementation of FSM is essential for achievement of the SDG 6.2. People’s perspective on open defecation has changed drastically in the last two decades giving the country ‘open defecation free’ status. However, the management of human sludge is still inadequate posing severe threat to public health and environment. The practice of indiscriminate sludge dumping in open water bodies, and illegal connections to storm drainage have created massive concerns among practitioners and policy makers. Local government institutions (LGIs) and general people are still unaware and lacks knowledge about the proper management of fecal sludge.

Currently, a number of cities are offering FSM services covering entire FSM service chain, including mechanical desludging and fecal sludge treatment services. For some of these cities the FSM service is continuing for quite some time. A few technologies, including planted and unplanted drying beds and co-composting are being used for fecal sludge treatment in these cities. In order to make a successful FSM system in cities, the service delivery must include effective monitoring mechanism and build capacity of the human resource engaged in the service delivery. The fecal sludge treatment technologies also need to be contextual considering the geo-spatial, local, economic and social context of the selected municipality. The cities with functional FSM services should establish a system which would be sustainable. 

ITN-BUET, a center for water supply and waste management of the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, is implementing a project on “Scaling City Wide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS)/FSM in Bangladesh through National Level Capacity Building Program”. The major objective of this program is building the capacity of Paurashavas and DPHE to implement CWIS/FSM projects successfully in Bangladesh by increasing awareness and knowledge on CWIS and FSM. In this regard, it is important to assess the performance of the FSM services currently being offered in different Paurashavas, including operation of the fecal sludge treatment technologies.

This Terms of Reference is to engage an individual researcher/research organization to conduct an action research on “Assessment of Performance of FSM Services in Selected Paurashavas”. The study will primarily focus on technical performance of services based on available data/information.

Application process

Interested individual/agencies are requested to submit their relevant Individual/Organizational Profile, a Technical Proposal and a Financial Proposal along with a brief Expression of Interest Letter, CV of key personnel and relevant documents to the following:

ITN-BUET, ARI-ITN Building (4th Floor), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh, with the subject line “Assessment of Performance of FSM Services in Selected Paurashavas”. Shortlisted applicants will be invited for an interview.

Pre-bid meeting (confirm time over telephone # 02-9663693): 22 October 2019 at 11.00 am
Last date of submission: 28 October 2019

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