Career Opportunity with IRC, Bangladesh

Protection Consultant


Country
:
Bangladesh
Work Location
:
IRC-Bangladesh, Cox’s Bazar Office (Primarily focusing on the Ukhiya "mega camp", Teknaf, and host communities in Ukhiya and Teknaf.)
Title
:
Protection Consultant
Reporting To
:
Women’s Protection and Empowerment Coordinator
Department
:
Women’s Protection and Empowerment
Expected Start Date
:
At Earliest
Contract length
:
Up to January 15, 2018
Remuneration Package
:
Competitive Base Pay

Program Brief

Founded in 1933, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) is one of the world’s leading agencies working in post-conflict and development contexts, supporting communities in over 40 fragile, failed and developing states. In this capacity, we work to restore safety, dignity and hope to millions who are uprooted, struggling to endure and wishing to advance on a path of development.

The IRC has been present in Bangladesh since 2017 and obtained registration with the NGOAB in March 2018. Since the IRC obtained registration in March 2018, it has moved quickly to expand its integrated emergency health and protection response through both direct and partner-based programming focused on primary healthcare, women’s protection and empowerment, sexual and reproductive health, gender-based violence and child protection. Through 2018, the IRC’s response strategy will primarily target Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar, while meeting the significant needs in both refugee and host populations, as already existing vulnerabilities are compounded with cyclical monsoon and cyclone seasons that impose additional threats to the lives and protection of those refugees as well as vulnerable host populations. IRC will grow over time its geographic coverage within Cox bazar and to other parts of the country, thus expand its’ networks and partnerships around emergency preparedness and response work, reach beyond the Rohingya refugees, also targeting the vulnerable host groups in Cox Bazar and other parts of Bangladesh.

Purpose

The consultant will be leading on the design and implementation of a protection assessment in two locations in Cox’s Bazar (Ukhia and Teknaf) covering both Rohingya refugee camps and host community. The protection assessment will also help to collect updated information on the protection situation on the ground to inform the overall humanitarian response and support the development of actionable protection recommendations. Specifically, the IRC hopes to deliver an in-depth analysis of current protection risks, including immediate needs, patterns in service barriers/gaps as well as patterns in social tension/cohesion between host and refugee communities. The assessment will contribute to country and protection strategies aligned to identify immediate needs and longer term program design.  The Rohingya refugee response is in a critical period after one year, and thoughtful design of Protection interventions that contribute to an overall protective environment and link to longer term programming. The consultant is expected to work independently and efficiently over the course of the consultancy but in close collaboration with the Violence Prevention and Response (VPR) Technical Advisers and protection focal points in country (WPE, CP). 

The “mega camp” is now the world’s largest refugee camp and has been built on Bangladesh’s rolling hills.  Families reside in densely packed, make shift shelters on steep slopes, leaving a vulnerable population at continued risk of landslides and floods.  Notwithstanding the space constraints and the Government of Bangladesh’s generosity to host the Rohingya refugees, it has resulted in increased concentration and restriction of the movement of a vulnerable population.As the context has developed, there have been various efforts to establish informal governance and camp management structures. Idleness among men particularly youth, lack of income opportunities and poor living conditions (e.g. shelters) have increased negative coping mechanisms. Additionally harmful community mediation models have started to be the main resource for justice inside the camp, including the practice of holding community led ‘responsibility meetings’ whereby victims/survivors are asked to answer for actions which led to abuse. These community mediation sessions are often led by male leadership either through the appropriated community focal points or other representatives.  Finally, protection incidents between refugee and host community seem to be increasing tension between the two groups.  This assessment would support in identifying drivers of conflict and provide recommendations on conflict mitigation and management approaches that would be deemed culturally appropriate.

The IRC hopes this assessment will contribute to an improved understanding of how these evolving structures have impacted the refugee community and how they can be engaged and/or strengthened to improve refugees’ access to services and justice mechanisms that comport to human rights standards.

Objectives of the task

The IRC aims to contribute to improving the protective environment for Rohingya refugees and host community members in Ukyiah and Teknaf through the design and delivery of services that best meet refugee/host needs, while ensuring maximum coordinaton and value add among humanitarian providers. The assessment will therefore seek to gain a more indepth understanding of the protection situation, informal justice mechanisms available to Rohingya refugees and how those may vary with those available to the host community, patterns in  vulnerability or particularly marginalized groups, as well as current patterns in community support networks and in inter/intra community tensions.

Overall objective:

Findings and recommendations from the assessment will be used to inform IRC’s  Bangladesh protection programme strategy and contribute to the country Strategic Action Plan (SAP). The assessment will reflect on current and projected refugee and host community protection risks, needs and preferences, while diving deeper into refugee inter and intra-community dynamics, specifically: informal justice and conflict management mechanisms of religious and ethnic minorities and human rights practices therein, and particular protection risks facing women at risk/female HoH, adolescents, the elderly, people with disabilities and others with specific needs.

Specific objectives:

  1. Context analysis: Conduct a rapid desk review and provide a reflection on the Rohingya protection context in Bangladesh, including a focus on how protection risks experienced in Myanmar impact safety/wellbeing in Bangladesh;
  2. Assess and produce a comparative analysis: Identify community structures, formal and informal justice mechanisms: and their protective elements and how they have evolved in Bangladesh. Expand understanding of already established community support networks, community leaders and camp structures. Analysing the accessibility among the refugee community, reflecting on age, gender, social/ethnic/religious groups among refugees and host communities, including specific and different needs of men and women, male and female adolescents;
  3. Needs, gaps and barriers: Gain a comprehensive understanding of existing justice mechanisms and how the refugee community perceives and utilizes them and provide constructive recommendations to link into the wider humanitarian response and IRC programming.
  4. PSPN Service map: Build on existing service maps to ensure available services/gaps in services tailored to the needs of persons with specific protection needs (PSPN) are identified and safe referral pathways established.
  5. Stakeholder/Social network analysis: Identify the key stakeholders, service providers, social networks, and decision-makers pertaining to refugee protection including government institutions, international organizations, community leaders, private sector actors, and any others.
  6. Community perceptions: Identify positive and negative coping mechanisms used by communities across camp, mixed refugee and host community with a particular focus on differences in age, gender, diversity and ability;
  7. Advocacy: Formulate targeted recommendations on improving or addressing social tension/conflict management, access to human rights-protective justice mechanisms, and needs/gaps of people with specific protection concerns.
  8. Protection strategy: develop recommendations for a Protection and Rule of Law strategy for Bangladesh based on lessons learned from previous and ongoing protection interventions; identify strategic linkages with existing IRC strategies for Women’s Protection and Empowerment and Children’s Protection.

Methodology

Gender/age/diversity/ability analysis, while working with the IRC’s Global Technical Advisors for Violence Prevention and Response to finalize the assessment design.  The consultant should anticipate a focus on qualitative methods, but include a smaller quantitative section of mixed Focus Group Discussions, and semi-structured Key Informant Interviews. The consultant will work with IRC Protection teams on the ground to identify key geographical areas, key stakeholders, population groups and other contextual factors for effective assessment design. This assessment will NOT focus on the particular needs of children, and thus all tools/engagement will be conducted with people above the age of 15.

The consultant will be expected to utilize the IRC Gender Analysis and Conflict Sensitivity Toolkits. 

The consultant shall adhere to the following policies:  

-      IRC’s Child Safeguarding Policy
-      IRC’s Code of Conduct

The assessment process will include at the minimum the following steps. The consultant should detail expected timing of each stage of the assessment process in their assessment plan. 

  • Conduct an initial desk review to establish an overview of the available information on the protection and community based protection mechanism;
  • Refining assessment questions based upon the desk review, discussion with relevant Technical Advisors, and testing with enumerators/sample participants; 
  • Train enumerators on protection, basic assessment principles, methodologies and the different assessment tools; 
  • Plan and conduct data collection as well as active and regular data collection review and ‘cleaning’ to ensure data quality; include household and community level FGDs/KIIs, as well as with local authorities, leaders and relevant donors if possible;
    Note: consultant will be assisted in arranging these meetings by IRC Protection teams in country as relevant;
  • Organize translation of data, for purposes of analysis;
  • Conduct risk analysis, service mapping on specific gaps facing PSNs;
  • Conduct stakeholder/social network analysis workshop with protection teams, community stakeholders; refugee/host community representatives;
  • Map out preliminary findings on the protection situation, risks/trends, stakeholder analysis, coping mechanisms; inter/intra community dynamics; community management/social protection structure, and justice mechanisms (including human rights practices therein);
  • Host participatory workshop with team members/key stakeholders and community to validate preliminary findings, brainstorm program implications to inform development of PRoL strategy and advocacy recommendations;  
  • Complete data analysis and draft final assessment report;
  • Provide for time for review by program team/technical advisors and required revision. 

Deliverables (to be discussed and reviewed/approved by the IRC)

  1. Provide a scope of work; including data collection work plan and training
  2. Updated assessment tools and refined assessment questions
  3. Oversee data collection (data cleaning/verification) and lead on data analysis
  4. Stakeholder/social network analysis workshop
  5. Findings validation workshop
  6. Preliminary report with key findings
  7. Final assessment report
    • Context analysis
    • Stakeholder/social network mapping including a summary matrix highlighting each stakeholders influence, power and leverage
    • Summary of needs, gaps and barriers to access.
    • Summary of the protection problems, threats, and vulnerabilities (including a risk matrix) and triggers for the target area
    • Summary of the capacity and coping mechanism for the different vulnerable groups;
    • Mapping of knowledge/information gaps
    • Summary of program implications and tangible program recommendations to inform the Protection program and for potential modification of program interventions.

Timeline:

  • Final Report due date: end of assignment

Requirements

  • Excellent understanding of global policy and framework related to protection of conflict affected people (refugees, IDPs and host community)  and demonstrated experience of its application in diverse context
  • Demonstrated experience in conducting protection assessments/conflict analyses
  • At least 5 years’ experience of working on protection issues in conflict-affected contexts
  • Experience working with NGO’s on program design/evaluation
  • Excellent interpersonal communication, presentation and training skills
  • Excellent M&E and analytical skills
  • Practical experience in administrative and logistics management for undertaking similar assessments
  • Fluency in English is mandatory and excellent writing skills, knowledge of Bengali is preferred.
  • Familiarity with the context/region is an asset

SPECIFIC EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION

Degree
Concentration / Major
Master degree
Social work, political science, human rights, anthropology or any conflict related field of study.


Application Deadline: 10 November, 2018

Only short listed candidates will be invited for interview
Female candidates are highly encouraged to apply

''IRC is an equal opportunity employer''